Council: an assembly Counsel: advice
End quote. You end a quote, you don’t unquote.
Lesson: a period of teaching Lessen: to diminish
Sear: a cooking technique or part of a firearm Seer: a soothsayer or oracle Seir: a demon, a goat, a prince SEAR: a mathematics term
Futile: pointless Feudal: absurd or old fashioned, referencing a form of government
Hurtle: moving at great speed Hurdle: an obstacle
Mean: a verb meaning intent, also used as a mathematical term Mien: bearing or demeanor
Feet: the things at the end of your legs or a measurement Feat: an achievement
Wit: referring to intelligence Whit: referring to a small part of something
Faze is alarm or discomfort. A phase is a distinct period or a stage in a process. She was not fazed by the phase of her research.
Bury the lede.
Sync is an abbreviation of synchronization. Sink is what rocks do in the water of your kitchen sink.
A moot point is one that is debatable or disputable. A mute point is . . .
Awhile – adverb referencing time, stay awhile. A while – object of a preposition, note using “for” preceding “a while” for your tip-off.
Forego – going before Forgo – to do without
Device – noun Devise – verb
Desert – a barren area Dessert – cakes, cookies, etc
Deprivation – being deprived of something Depravation – perversion
Diffuse – spreading of x item Defuse – removing the fuse from a bomb or metaphorically from a situation
Decent – a descriptor Descent – ancestry
Columbia – US capital Colombia – South American country
College – an institution Collage – a grouping of items
Colosseum – the proper name of a specific structure in Rome. Coliseum – every other coliseum.
A piece references a part of something. This sentence is a piece of this blog. Apiece means each. If I sold the blogs I write I could get, maybe, 25 cents apiece.
Revue – a type of performance Review – to examine or assess
Seem – verb Seam – where two separate items are joined
Segway – a two-wheeled conveyance Seque – changing to a new topic or activity
Shear – to cut Sheer – thin fabric, a perpendicular wall, completely correct
Shown – past tense of show Shone – past tense of shine
Sleight of hand
Sometime – an indefinite time Some time – a specific time
Stationary – not moving Stationery – paper materials
Strait – narrow passageway between bodies of water Straight – not bent or curved
Valance – drapery Valence – a chemistry term
Tolled – charged a fee Told – past tense of tell
Summary – a synopsis Summery- relating to the season summer
Currant – fruit Current – present time
Crape – type of paper or cloth Crepe – French pancake
Cowered – past tense of cower Coward – fearful person
Council – an official group Consul – local representative of a foreign government Counsel – advice
Complementary – things that work together well Complimentary – giving or receiving a compliment
Core – the center Corp – an organization
Consensus – arriving at common sense Consensus – arriving at a general agreement
Assure – giving feelings of confidence Ensure – to make certain Insure – referencing an insurance policy
Assent – verb, to agree or consent Ascent – noun, to mean climb
Coarse – rough, both physically or metaphorically Course – a pathway
Click – a sound or action Clique – a group of people
Cite – to reference Site – a location Sight – referencing something optical
Chute – an inclined channel Shoot – every other usage unless referring to a parachute
Czech- a Czechoslovakian Check – any other usage
Champaign – city in Illinois Champagne – region in France
Bated breath, meaning held breath
Bare – naked Bear – a mammal
Ball – a round object Bawl – to cry
Backup – making additional copies of media Back up – to move in reverse both physically or metaphorically
Bail – a bound group of grains Bale – removing water
Axel – a figure skating term Axle – a bar on which a wheel turns
Floe – a sheet of moving ice Flow – movement by a liquid, moving from one place to another
Flare – verb regarding fire or anger Flair – an obvious talent
Feint – to distract Faint – to lose consciousness or implying timidity
Faze – to negatively disturb something Phase – having to do with an aspect of something
Faun – a mythological being Fawn – a young deer or showing affection
Fair – equitable Fare – a fee or charge to do something
Exasperate – to get irritated Exacerbate – to make something or situation worse
Everyone – meaning everybody Every one – singular
Inquire – asking for information Enquire – same thing, British spelling
Dyeing – what i learned in a master’s class on changing the color of fabric Dying – how I felt when the colors came out wrong
Emigrate – to leave your home country Immigrate – moving to a new country
Elicit – verb Illicit – noun describing something illegal or taboo
Dowse – using a dowsing rod Douse – pouring water on a fire
Dully – doing something in a dull manner Duly – properly
Duck tape – original term for duct tape Duct tape – modern term for duck tape
Dual – two Duel – a fight
Drier – less wet than something else or previously Dryer – appliance to dry clothing
Rye – type of grain Wry – using or expressing dry humor
Route – pathway or road Rout – a disorderly retreat of defeated troops Root – everything else
Role – a portrayal Roll – everything else
Right – a direction or confirmation Write – markings on a surface, typically paper, with a pen, pencil, or similar implement Rite – a ritual
Troupe – specifically a group of performers Troop – everything else
Threw – past tense of throw Through – any other usage other than a tense of throw
Throne – chair Thrown – is an action
Timber – wood Timbre – music term
Taught – past tense of teach Taut – an expression of physical tension
Whether – castrated sheep Weather – climate Whether – expressing a doubt or choice between alternatives
Vein – carries blood Vane – an object that is moved by gases, weather vane Vain – narcissistic
Whisky – the Irish form of the word whiskey Whiskey – the American form of the word whisky
Wrapped – to cover or enclose, also metaphorically such as, wrapped up in travel plans Rapt – completely fascinated by what one is seeing or hearing
Who’s – a contraction for who is Whose – ownership
Navel – oranges and your belly button Naval – sailing term
Mucus – noun Mucous – adjective
Rub down – action Rubdown – noun
Pull over the car. Pullover – apparel that not zippered or buttoned
Vale of tears
Whet your appetite
Vary – to be or become different Very – a modifier
Prey – something that is hunted Pray – a religious activity
Up to not upto
Undo – to take apart Undue – opposite of due
Trustee – member of a board Trusty – a trusted convict
Yin and yang
Yoke – harnesses oxen or horses together Yolk – the yellow part of an egg
Marital – referring to marriage Martial – appropriate to war, war-like
Hindi – a language Hindu – a practitioner of Hinduism
Here – location reference Hear – to audibly recognize
Heal – to do with health Heel – the back of your foot or other items such as bread
Hardy – hard to kill Hearty – everything else
Hale – used in the standalone phrase, hale into court, meaning haul Hail – for every other usage
Either is fine
Grisly – horrible Grizzly – type of bear
Beck and call
Carrot – vegetable Carat – weight measurement for gems Caret – ^, a proofing mark Karat – amount of gold in an alloy
Canvas – heavy cloth Canvass – survey of voters opinions
Calvary – the hill where Jesus was crucified Cavalry – soldiers on horseback
Cacao – a tree and it’s seeds are used in making cocoa Cocoa – basis of chocolate Coca – basis of cocaine
Brooch – decorative pin Broach – to raise something for discussion
Bullion – gold Bouillon – soup stock
Britain – place Briton – person
Breath – noun Breathe – verb
Break – to harm something Brake – to slow or stop something
Born – to be birthed or carried Borne – a small stream
Breach – breakage Breach – to charge or reference britches
Borders – boundaries Boarders – everything else
Beyond the pale. Unless there is a pail involved and there is something beyond it, like a dog or someone trying to kicking it.
Bloc – group of people or nations or voters, etc. Block – for everything else
Principal – someone of the highest rank Principle – law or doctrine
Staid – adjective referencing a person Stayed – past tense of the verb, stay
Whale – to beat Wail – High-pitched cry
Appose – a spatial reference Oppose – to be against something
Anyone – anybody Any one – a singular reference
Allusive – to allude to something Elusive – something that is hard to understand or act upon Illusive – illusory, referencing an illusion
Altogether – adverb meaning completely All together – referencing a grouping
Any time is two words.
Anywhere is one word.
Somewhere is one word.
Nowhere is one word.
Aloud – audible Allowed – to be given permission
Allusion – referencing something Illusion – hallucinations
Allude – referencing something Elude – to evade
Alliterate – words that start with the same sound Illiterate – can’t read this post
All ready – completely prepared Already – adverb referring to a specific time
Aisle – narrow passageway Isle – an island
Aesthetic – appreciation of beauty Ascetic – avoiding pleasure
Canon is a literary term referring to a collection of works. A cannon is a piece of artillery.
Capitol is a building. Capital is an uppercase letter.
Heroin is made from opium. A heroine saves you from a falling building.
Crevices are tiny, crevasses are large.
Albeit is one word.
Afterwards relates to time. Afterwords are book notations.
Adverse – difficult circumstances Averse – strong feelings against X
Affluence – riches, wealth Effluence – something that flows out Best to not confuse the two.
If the words together before the noun modify it, hyphenation is usually necessary. I have a full-time job. My job is full time.
Ban is a verb. Band is a noun. Bands is also an outdated mechanic in MTG. Ban bands!
is an ad, not an add.
Advice is a noun. Advise is a verb. John advised Spot not to run, but Spot didn’t take the advice.
Already is an adverb that means something that occurred in the past. All ready is a statement of completeness.
Exceed – to go beyond Accede – to give in
Whet – you whet your appetite Wet – to saturate something with a liquid
Mock – to make fun of, or to copy, something. Mach – a number that indicates the ration of speed of an object in comparison to the speed of sound.
Gild means to cover in gold. A guild is a professional organization.
Gaff is a hook. Gaffe is an embarrassing mistake.
Fowl is a bird. Foul means loathsome or offensive.
An ordinance is a law. Ordnance refers to weapons and ammunition.
Entomology is the study of insects. Etymology is the study of words.
Every time is two words. Every time, every time.
Aural relates to things you hear while oral relates to the things you say or generally relating to the mouth.
A la. As in, a la mode.
The goal is to make an easily readable document using commas, periods and question marks. Refrain from using ; ! ” ” (semi-colons, exclamation points and quotation marks) A colon is appropriate after a speaker’s name. Male narrator:
A prepositional phrase is a group of words that lacks either a verb or a subject, and that functions as a unified part of speech. It normally consists of a preposition and a noun or a preposition and a pronoun. Source: http://www.gingersoftware.com/content/grammar-rules/preposition/prepositional-phrases/
An article is an adjective that modifies a noun. There are two articles in the English lexicon, the and a/an.
If the root is not a complete word, use -ible. – horrible – incredible If the root is a complete word, use -able. – fashionable – laughable
Web site is two words and Web is always capped. I went to his Web site.
I looked up this information on the Internet.
While spell check and grammar check are valuable tools and often catch obvious errors, they are not capable of picking up nuance. For example, if one uses effect when affect should be used, spell check often will not distinguish. It might also miss the use of an incorrect form of a word, e.g., they’re/their/there. Spell … [Read more…]
Alot isn’t a word. A lot, is two words.
idea = noun meaning a thought, belief, or conception held in the mind, or a general notion or conception formed by generalization: Greg had a brilliant idea. ideal = noun meaning something or someone that embodies perfection, or an ultimate object or endeavor: Greg was the ideal for chefs everywhere. ideal = adjective meaning embodying … [Read more…]
To = preposition, or first part of the infinitive form of a verb – They went to the lake to swim. Too = very, also – I was too tired to continue. I was hungry, too. Two = the number 2 – Two students scored below passing on the exam.
We’re – contraction for we are – We’re happy to help. Where – location – Where are you? Were – a past tense form of the verb be – They were walking to the store. Wear – to use something as clothing
Their = possessive pronoun – They got their books. There = that place – My house is over there. They’re = contraction for they are – They’re making dinner.
Lead – noun referring to a dense metallic element: The X-ray technician wore a vest lined with lead. Led – past-tense and past-participle form of the verb to lead, meaning to guide or direct: The evidence led the jury to reach a unanimous decision.
Conscious -adjective meaning awake, perceiving: Despite a head injury, the patient remained conscious. Conscience – noun meaning the sense of obligation to be good: You wouldn’t cheat because your conscience wouldn’t let you.
Accept – verb meaning to receive or to agree. Except – preposition meaning all but, other than.
Complement, as a noun, means something that completes or makes perfect. It also means a quantity or amount that completes something. As a verb, complement means to complete. Examples: 1. (as a noun) This area rug is the perfect complement to the room. 2. (as a noun) We have the full complement of encyclopedias. 3. … [Read more…]
Words that are made plural by a variation in spelling rather than by adding an -es or -s, e.g., women, men, children, people, should be treated as singular words when making them possessive. For example: The store is very pleased with its remodeled women’s clothing department. There is a new children’s museum opening this weekend. … [Read more…]
It’s – a contraction for it is or it has Its – the possessive form of it A foolproof way to determine which to use is to attempt to break the word down from the contraction form. If “it is” fits correctly into your sentence, use the contraction – it’s. An example of their usage … [Read more…]
Who’s is a contraction for who is or who has. Whose is a possessive form of who that’s used as an adjective. Examples: Who’s (who is) going to the concert? Who’s (who has) been to this venue before? Whose car are we taking? I wonder whose coat this is.
Everyday is a single-word adjective that means daily. Every day is two words and an expression of time, indicating regular, or daily, action. It is a noun (day) modified by an adjective (every). A couple of examples are: My everyday jacket is not appropriate for an evening out. I wear this jacket every day, except … [Read more…]
Rein, as a noun, is a leather strap fastened to a bridle used to control a horse or other animal. Used as a verb, it means to guide or check the horse or animal; to restrain, curb and/or control. Examples: 1. He is using the reins to control his horses before they take off on … [Read more…]
Alright is never all right. Alright is not a word. All right is two words.
Setup is a noun and is one word. They had a great setup at the conference. Set up is a verb and is two separate words. We are going to set up for the conference.
Hyphenate -wise. Length-wise Health-wise Weather-wise
Than is used in comparison statements; He is smarter than I. Used in statements of preference; I would rather drink than drive. Used to suggest quantities beyond a specified amount; Read more than the last page. Then is a time other than now; He was younger then. She will start her new job then. Next … [Read more…]
Afterall isn’t a word. After all is two words. The latter is correct, the former is not.
In general, use into when movement, action or a transformation of state occur. In to indicates location or state that is generally more static and not transitional.
affect = verb meaning to influence: Will lack of sleep affect your work? effect = noun meaning result or consequence: Will lack of sleep have an effect on your work? effect = verb meaning to bring about, to accomplish: Our efforts have effected a major change in policy.
Discrete is an adjective meaning individually separate and distinct. Discreet is also an adjective but means to be careful and circumspect in one’s speech or actions, esp. to avoid causing offense or to gain an advantage or to be intentionally unobtrusive.
It’s already a modifier. e.g. Technically feasible plan, not technically-feasible plan.
Hyphenation is used when a noun is being modified. Eg. 18-year-old boy. 18-year-old modifies boy. You are behaving like a two-year-old. (noun = two-year-old) In this example we’re using that hyphenated phrase with the indefinite article in a pronominal sense. It really means “an 18-year-old child, so it’s like a substitute pronoun. As such, it … [Read more…]
Acclamation – loud shout, acclaiming Acclimation – adapt, becoming used to a new climate